Some Muslims believe Jesus died on the Cross
Within Islam, there are eight different views on the Crucifixion. Two of these views affirm that Jesus died a mortal death on the cross.
The Ismaili Martyr Theory
The Ismaili Martyr Theory claims that the reason that God denies the killing is because Jesus was not, in fact, killed in the soul but only his body because martyrs don’t actually die.
References for the Ismaili Martyer Theory:
- The Crucifixion in Shi‘a Isma‘ili Islam by Khalil Andani contermporary Isma‘ili
- The Crucifixion and the Qur'an: A Study in the History of Muslim Thought by Todd Lawson
The Divine Rapture Theory is the only Theory derived from the Quran. According to this theory, Jesus died on the cross but was not killed by the cross. He did not die at the hands of his enemies. That's what they thought, but he was raptured up by God directly. Jesus offered up his soul, and God intervened and received it in full directly before they could kill him by asphyxiation.
References for the Divine Rapture Theory:
- Professor Ali Ataie discusses the Crucifixion with Blogging Theology
- Professor Ali At2-hour2 hour lecture on “The Crucifixion and The Qur'an: An Exegetical and Historical Inquiry Into Surah 4:157-158”